Nvme kingston sa2000m scsi disk device драйвер

SSD Manager

Kingston® SSD Manager — это приложение, предоставляющее пользователям возможность контроля и управления различными параметрами твердотельных накопителей Kingston®.

With Kingston® SSD Manager имеет следующие возможности:

  • Контроль исправности, состояния и использования накопителя
  • Просмотр идентификационных данных накопителя, включая название модели, серийный номер, версию встроенного ПО и другую информацию
  • Просмотр и экспорт подробных отчетов об исправности и состоянии накопителя
  • Обновление встроенного ПО накопителя
  • Безопасное удаление данных
  • Управление TCG Opal и IEEE 1667
  • Увеличенная резервная область с использованием защищенной области данных на диске (HPA)

Поддерживаемые операционные системы

Требования к операционной системе для Kingston® SSD Manager см. в приведенной ниже таблице.

Версия программного обеспечения Поддерживаемые операционные системы
Kingston® SSD Manager x64 v1.5.X.X Windows 10, 11 x64
Kingston® SSD Manager v1.1.X.X Windows 8, 8.1, 10 x86, x64

Системные требования

Для использования Kingston® SSD Manager требуется следующее:

  • Один или несколько твердотельных накопителей Kingston®
  • Режим AHCI в BIOS
  • Права администратора в Windows®

Примечание. Некоторые прежние модели твердотельных накопителей Kingston® могут не поддерживаться приложением Kingston® SSD Manager x64 v1.5.X.X. В этом случае можно продолжить использование версии Kingston® SSD Manager v1.1.X.X.

Процесс установки

  1. Щелкните ссылку на Kingston SSD Manager (KSM), чтобы начать загрузку программного обеспечения.
  2. Найдите загруженный файл и распакуйте содержимое.
  3. Запустите исполняемый файл KSM Setup от имени администратора.
  4. Следуйте подсказкам мастера установки Setup Wizard и выполните установку ПО KSM.
  5. После завершения установки может потребоваться перезапуск системы.

Примечание для пользователей MAC и Linux

ПО Kingston SSD Manager несовместимо с операционными системами Mac OS и Linux.

Примечание относительно корпусов для USB-накопителей

При работе с Kingston® SSD Manager рекомендуется использовать встроенный интерфейс для твердотельных накопителей Kingston®. Корпуса USB не поддерживаются.


Nvme kingston sa2000m scsi disk device драйвер

Trim and garbage collection are technologies that modern SSDs incorporate to improve both their performance and endurance. When your SSD is fresh out of the box, all of the NAND blocks are empty so the SSD can write new data to the empty blocks in a single operation. Over time, most of the empty blocks will become used blocks that contain user data. In order to write new data to used blocks, the SSD is forced to perform a read-modify-write cycle. The read-modify-write cycle hurts the SSD’s overall performance because it must now do three operations instead of a single operation. The read-modify-write cycle also causes write amplification, which hurts the SSD’s overall endurance.

Trim and garbage collection can work together to improve SSD performance and endurance by freeing up used blocks. Garbage collection is a function built into the SSD controller that consolidates data stored in used blocks in order to free up more empty blocks. This process happens in the background and is completely handled by the SSD itself. However, the SSD may not know which blocks contain user data and which blocks contain stale data that the user has already deleted. This is where the trim function comes in. Trim allows the operating system to inform the SSD that data has been deleted so that the SSD can free up those previously used blocks. For trim to work, both the operating system and the SSD must support it. Most modern operating systems and SSDs support trim, although most RAID configurations do not.

Kingston SSDs take advantage of both garbage collection and trim technologies in order to maintain the highest possible performance and endurance over their lifetime.

ElectroStatic Discharge, ESD is simply the discharge of built-up static electricity. ESD should not be taken lightly as this is one of the few things that an individual can do to damage or destroy their computer or hardware components. It is like when you rub your feet on the carpet and you touch something metal. ESD can occur without the user feeling a shock and will occur when only working on the inside of the computer or handling hardware.

How to help prevent ESD
The best method of preventing ESD is to use an ESD wrist strap or an earthing mat or table. However, because most users do not have access to these items, we have included the below steps to help reduce the chance of ESD as much as possible.

  • Standing – We recommend that you are standing at all times when working on the computer. Sitting on a chair can generate more electrostatic.
  • Cables – Make sure that everything is removed from the back of the computer (power cable, mouse, keyboard, etc).
  • Clothes – Do not wear any clothing that conducts a lot of Electrical Charge, such as a wool jumper.
  • Accessories – To help reduce ESD and prevent other problems, it is also a good idea to remove all jewellery.
  • Weather – Electrical storms can increase the ESD risk; unless absolutely necessary, try not to work on a computer during an electrical storm. In very dry areas, the air itself becomes a part of the electrostatic build-up mechanism every time there is an air flow (wind, air conditioning, blower) passing over an insulated surface. Do not let high humidity levels build false confidence, and beware of corrosion problems with interconnects and other electrical interfaces.

To learn more about ESD and how to protect your electronics, please refer to the below site.

High-performance NVMe SSDs require adequate airflow for maximum bandwidth and performance. During heavy workloads or extensive benchmarking, the drive will heat up and the controller firmware may implement thermal throttling in order to maintain the proper operating temperature and ensure drive integrity. If performance degradation is observed within these circumstances, confirm that the SSD is receiving adequate cooling and/or increase the system’s fan speed to reduce drive temperatures.

Note: Thermal throttling will engage when the temperature reaches 80°C FAQ: KSD-060117-NVME-02

Our NVMe SSDs rely on native Linux and Microsoft NVMe drivers. Microsoft’s native NVMe driver issues Forced Unit Access (FUA) IO writes and Flush commands to NVMe devices that have a volatile write cache. This, in effect, undermines the write caching on the target SSD by bypassing the DRAM cache often and writing directly to NAND. As a result of this behaviour, the NVMe SSD’s performance is reduced. To obtain maximum performance, you must disable write cache buffer flushing on the target drive within Windows.

Steps to disable the write-cache buffer flush

1. Open Device Manager

2. Select Disk Drives and expand, then select target drive.

3. Right-click and select Properties

4. Select “Turn off Windows write-cache buffer flushing on the device”

a. Note: By disabling write-cache buffer flushing on the device, you run the risk of losing data in transit and/or data corruption in the event of a power failure. Only disable this feature if you are aware of the risks associated with it.

FAQ: KSD-060117-KC1000-04

During the OS installation, go to UTILITIES / TERMINAL

In terminal type:

diskutil list

Then press RETURN. Scroll up to top and verify the Kingston SSD disk (i.e. disk0, disk1, etc).

diskutil mountDISK disk0 (or whichever ddisk is the Kingston SSD).

Then press RETURN. It should show «mounted successfully».

diskutil eraseDISK apfs YOURDRIVENAME disk0 (or whichever disk is the Kingston SSD)

Warning – This step (eraseDISK command) will delete all data on the target drive. Confirm that you have selected the drive you wish to delete and then continue.

Then press RETURN. It should show «successful». Then exit terminal and proceed with the normal installation of the OS. FAQ: KSD-092917-GEN-21

Kingston SSD Manager will not offer firmware updates for NVMe SSDs until IEEE 1667 support has been disabled. In order to complete the firmware update you must do the following:

1. First, we recommend you backup your data.
2. Then use a secondary system to complete a REVERT using the PSID on the drive label. Note: Performing a REVERT will securely erase all data on the drive.
3. Disable IEEE 1667 support
4. The firmware update will become available upon refresh or restart of KSM FAQ: KSM-001125-001-01

Secure Erase User Guide for Linux
This guide will walk you through securely erasing your Kingston SSD using Linux tools

SATA Secure Erase Procedure

Please make sure to have a full backup of any important data before you proceed!

• You must have root privileges.
• You must have your SSD connected to the system as a secondary (non-OS) drive.
• You must have lsscsi and hdparm installed. You may need to install them with your distribution’s package manager.
• Your drive must not be in a security freeze.
• Your drive must not be password protected.

1. Find the device name (/dev/sdX) of the drive you wish to erase:
# lsscsi

2. Make sure drive security is not frozen:
# hdparm -I /dev/sdX | grep frozen

If the output shows «frozen» (instead of «not frozen») then you cannot continue to the next step. You must try to remove the security freeze by trying one of the following methods:

Method 1: Put the system to sleep (suspend to RAM) and wake it up. On most distributions the command to suspend is:
# systemctl suspend

Now issue the hdparm command again. If it worked the output will show “not frozen” (instead of “frozen”).
Method 2: Hot plug the drive. This is done by physically unplugging the SATA power cable from the drive and plugging it back in while the system is powered on. You may need to enable hot plug in BIOS. Not all systems support hot plug.

Now issue the hdparm command again. If it worked the output will show “not frozen” (instead of “frozen”).

3. Set a user password on the drive. The password can be anything. Here we are setting the password to “p”:
# hdparm —security-set-pass p /dev/sdX

4. Issue the secure erase command to the drive using the same password:
# hdparm —security-erase p /dev/sdX

This command may take a few minutes to complete. The drive password is removed upon successful completion.
If the secure erase is interrupted or otherwise fails your drive may become security locked. In this case you can remove the security lock using the command below and then try the secure erase procedure again:
# hdparm —security-disable p /dev/sdX

SATA Secure Erase Example

NVMe Secure Erase Procedure

Please make sure to have a full backup of any important data before you proceed!

• You must have root privileges.
• You must have your SSD connected to the system as a secondary (non-OS) drive.
• You must have nvme-cli installed. You may need to install it with your distribution’s package manager.
• Your drive must not be password protected.

1. Find the device name (/dev/nvmeXn1) of the drive you wish to erase:
# nvme list

2. Issue the format command to the drive. Here we set the secure erase setting to 1 which indicates a user data erase:
# nvme format /dev/nvmeXn1 —ses=1

This command may take a few minutes to complete.

NVMe Secure Erase Example


Caution! The workarounds below will break RST RAID arrays and could lead to data loss. If your system has RST RAID
arrays you should consider an alternate solution.

Workaround 1: Disable RST Control in BIOS

This workaround requires BIOS options to enable or disable RST Control and is not available on all systems.

Note: Please backup all important data before you proceed!

1. Restart and enter the system BIOS
2. Locate the RST Configuration settings in BIOS
3. Change «RST Controlled» to «Not RST Controlled»
4. Save and exit BIOS
5. Open KSM and update the drive firmware

Once these steps are completed you may optionally switch back to «RST Controlled» in BIOS.

Workaround 2: Switch from RAID to AHCI in BIOS

This workaround is to change your system storage mode from RAID to AHCI and should work on all systems.

Note: Please backup all important data before you proceed!

1. Open msconfig
2. Select the Boot tab
3. Check Safe boot (minimal)
4. Click OK and Restart
5. When the system restarts go into the system BIOS
6. Change the storage mode from RAID to AHCI
7. Save and exit BIOS
8. Wait for Windows to boot into safe mode
9. Open msconfig
10. Select the Boot tab
11. Uncheck Safe boot
12. Click OK and Restart
13. Wait for Windows to boot normally
14. Open KSM and update the drive firmware

Once these steps are completed you may optionally switch the storage mode back to RAID in BIOS. FAQ: KSD-001525-001-01

Contact Technical Support

Questions about a Kingston product you already own? Ask a Kingston expert.

Email Technical Support

Complete a short form for prompt resolution


Nvme kingston sa2000m scsi disk device драйвер

Many hardware names are usually named after the chip model, and each chip model has its own dedicated driver, so as long as you know the chip model used by the hardware, you can find the right driver. For example, if your graphics card is named: «AMD Radeon RX 580», while actually the core chip model used is: «Radeon RX 580», then enter «Radeon RX 580» or «RX 580» to find the driver.

If you have a laptop or an all-in-one PC, you can also use the product name to search, and then go to the download page which has all the drivers for this machine (including: graphics card, network card, sound card, etc.). For example, if your laptop product name is: «Dell A6-9220e Inspiron Flagship», then type «Dell A6-9220e» to find all the drivers for this laptop.

1. Enter a keyword in the input box and click the «Search» button

2. In the query results, find the driver file you need, and click the download button

• Can’t find the required driver files?
• Don’t know how to find driver files?
• Unable to download driver files due to unstable network?
You can try using this driver file finder. The method of use is very simple. The program will automatically list all the driver files available for your current system. You can install drivers for devices that do not have drivers installed, and you can also upgrade drivers to the latest driver version for devices that have already installed drivers. Click here to download the driver finder.

If you have any questions, please leave a message. We will seriously reply to every question.


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